Why Would a Child Need Their Adenoids Removed

Adenoids are an often-overlooked part of a child’s health, but when they become a concern, understanding the reasons for their removal is crucial. This article explores why children might need their adenoids removed, shedding light on the most common issues they can face.

What are adenoids?

Adenoids are small, soft tissues located at the back of a child’s throat, near the tonsils. They are a vital component of the immune system, helping to protect the body against infections. While they serve an essential function, there are situations where adenoids can become problematic, especially in children.

Common reasons for adenoid removal

  • Recurrent infections: Enlarged adenoids can lead to frequent throat and ear infections in children. These infections can be painful and distressing for the child and their parents. When antibiotics and other treatments don’t provide lasting relief, removal may be considered.
  • Breathing difficulties: Large adenoids can obstruct a child’s airway, making it difficult for them to breathe properly, particularly during sleep. This condition, known as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), can result in various problems, including daytime fatigue, poor concentration, and behavioural issues. Adenoidectomy, the surgical removal of the adenoids, is often recommended to alleviate these symptoms.

How are adenoids removed?

Adenoidectomy is a routine surgical procedure done by ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialists. It is usually performed under general anaesthesia, ensuring the child feels no pain during the surgery. The adenoids are removed through the mouth, leaving no visible scars.

Benefits of adenoid removal

  • Improved breathing: After the procedure, children typically experience a significant improvement in their breathing. This leads to better oxygen flow, enhanced sleep quality, and reduced daytime fatigue.
  • Reduced infections: With the adenoids removed, the risk of recurrent throat and ear infections decreases significantly. This results in fewer sick days and a better quality of life for the child and their family.

Recovery and aftercare

Following adenoid removal, it is essential for parents and caregivers to follow post-operative care instructions diligently. Children may experience a sore throat for a few days, but this discomfort is manageable with pain relief and a soft diet. Strenuous physical activities should be avoided during the initial recovery period.

Regular follow-up appointments with the ENT specialist are crucial to monitor the healing process and ensure that the child progresses as expected. At least follow-up appointment is required after the adenoids have been removed. There are hundreds of lymphoid tissue (soft tissue that helps with immunity) in the head and neck region. Therefore, removing the adenoids does not predispose a child to reduced immunity. 

Book a consultation

If your child is experiencing recurring infections or showing signs of breathing difficulties, do not hesitate to seek expert advice from a professional like Mr Wale Olarinde at ENT Sheffield. Expert evaluation and appropriate treatment can make a world of difference in your child’s well-being. Book your consultation online or get in touch on 0114 321 6522.