What Causes Vertigo And How Is It Treated?

Vertigo is a common condition characterised by a hallucination of movement. It can significantly affect an individual’s quality of life and daily activities. This article aims to shed light on the causes of vertigo and explore the available treatment options to help those suffering from this debilitating condition.

What causes vertigo?

Vertigo can be caused by various factors, with the most common being inner ear problems. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) occurs when tiny calcium crystals in the inner ear become dislodged, disturbing the fluid balance responsible for maintaining equilibrium. Other causes include Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuritis, and labyrinthitis, which are typically linked to viral infections. Additionally, certain medications, head injuries, and migraines may trigger vertigo.

Treatment options for vertigo

When it comes to managing vertigo, there are several effective treatment options available. The choice of treatment depends on the underlying cause of the condition.

One effective management is the Epley Manoevre, a repositioning manoeuvre (for BPPV) performed by a healthcare professional. This procedure helps move the dislodged calcium crystals in the inner ear, providing relief from vertigo symptoms. Medications may also be prescribed to alleviate dizziness and nausea associated with vertigo. Anti-nausea drugs, vestibular suppressants, and antibiotics can be used depending on the specific diagnosis. It is important that medication is prescribed after a careful assessment rather than trial medication.

Physical therapy plays a crucial role in treating vertigo. Vestibular rehabilitation exercises, conducted under the guidance of a specialised therapist, aim to improve balance and minimise dizziness. These exercises help the brain compensate for the inner ear imbalances, leading to a reduction in vertigo episodes over time.

In addition to medical interventions, making certain lifestyle modifications can help manage vertigo symptoms. Avoiding triggers such as caffeine, alcohol, and smoking can significantly reduce the frequency and severity of episodes in Meniere’s syndrome and vestibular migraine. Implementing stress management techniques, such as relaxation exercises and meditation, can also contribute to better symptom control.

Vertigo can be distressing and disruptive, but understanding its causes and available treatment options can bring relief. From repositioning manoeuvres to medication and physical therapy, various approaches can effectively manage vertigo symptoms. 

Get in touch

With a comprehensive understanding of the various treatment approaches, an ENT specialist like Mr Wale Olarinde at ENT Sheffield can provide personalised care tailored to your specific needs. Mr Olarinde has a vast experience in diagnosing the cause of vertigo. He takes pride in carefully going through your symptoms during the consultation – the vast majority of patients with vertigo will get an accurate diagnosis by a careful history. 

By combining medical interventions, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments, Mr Olarinde can guide you on a path to better vertigo management and improved overall well-being. Book your consultation today.